BMAT 2016 | Section 1
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The sale of self-help books that claim to reveal the secret of happiness generated $10 billion in
2009. But if you want to become more contented with life, you shouldn’t read these books,
because reading them will have the opposite effect. Researchers at the University of Montreal
found that those who had read such books were more likely to be anxious and depressed than
those who had never read them.
Which one of the following is the best statement of the flaw in the above argument?נכוןלא נכון
To mark ‘Back to the Future’ day on October 21st 2015, the Galaxy Cinema screened all three
of the Back to the Future films, in order, twice.
The running times of the films were as follows:
Back to the Future – 117 minutes
Back to the Future Part II – 109 minutes
Back to the Future Part III – 119 minutes
The performance times were arranged so that the first showing of the first film began at 10:15
and the second showing of the last film ended at 22:45. The interval between successive films
was the same throughout the day.
How long was each interval between successive films?נכוןלא נכון
A brisk 30-minute walk five days a week is more effective than any other form of exercise for
keeping weight down regardless of age, a major study has concluded. The effectiveness of
‘high impact’ walking in keeping weight down is greater than that from keep-fit activities
including running, swimming and working out in the gym. Men who walked briskly for 30
minutes five days a week for four weeks had a BMI one unit lower than average; for women the
difference was 1.8 units. For those who exercised or participated in sporting activities over
similar periods, however, the results were less marked: men’s BMI was 0.3 units lower and
women’s about one unit lower. The explanation for this is likely to be that calorie burning is
optimised when walking because it is a constant, uninterrupted activity, unlike games such as
tennis which are more stop-start.
Which one of the following, if true, would most weaken the above argument?נכוןלא נכון
The drawing below shows the outlines of three pieces of card (one square and two right angled
triangles) which all fit exactly around the same size circle.
The pieces of card are pinned together through the centres of the circles and each of the card
shapes can be rotated about the pin so that together the three shapes make an interesting
Which one of the following is a possible outline of the three shapes?נכוןלא נכון
I have a deposit of £25000 that I want to use to help to buy a house. The purchase price of the
house is £150 000, and the remainder of the cost of the house is to be financed using a
My building society offers 5 mortgages, the details of which are published on its website as
If the Bank Base Rate (currently 2.0%) stays the same over the next year, which of the
mortgages that I am eligible for will cost me the least in fees and interest over the first year?נכוןלא נכון
Over-prescription of antibiotics by doctors who respond to patients’ demands has raised the
drug resistance of harmful bacteria. Drug-resistant bacteria can make routine surgery and
minor cuts fatal if infections take hold. We could introduce penalties for doctors who
over-prescribe, but this would not be enough. Given the scale and escalation of antibiotic
resistance, we need to discover a new class of antibiotics. In the past, pharmaceutical
companies have not regarded research on antibiotics as potentially profitable. Governments
should give financial incentives to the pharmaceutical industry to intensify work on finding new
classes of antibiotics which could be kept in reserve for emergencies such as a global
epidemic. This would make it more attractive for pharmaceutical companies to carry out the
Which one of the following, if true, most strengthens the above argument?נכוןלא נכון
Five friends are sitting at a round table playing the ‘LRC’ dice game.
There are five dice. Each face of each die has one letter, ‘L’, ‘R’ or ‘C’, written on it.
Going clockwise around the table the friends are seated in the following order: Alun, Carmen,
Ian, Prem and Ruthie.
Each friend has five coins for the game.
Each player in turn rolls the five dice and distributes their coins according to the letters on the
top of the rolled dice: an ‘L’ on a die requires passing one coin to the player on their left, an ‘R’
on a die requires passing one coin to the player on their right, and a ‘C’ on a die requires
putting one coin in the centre of the table.
The table below shows the outcome of the dice rolling of the five players:
At the end of the round, which player ends up with the fewest coins?נכוןלא נכון
A group of UK scientists have a rare opportunity to study human brains thanks to the promise
of donations of brains after death by some members of a study group. The dissection of these
brains and the counting of the numbers of synapses in them may add evidence to the idea of
‘cognitive reserve’: when a person gets older, they start to lose some brain synapses, with a
negative impact on cognitive function. Those elderly people who have led a ‘brain friendly’
lifestyle when younger are thought to have created extra synapses, mitigating the naturally
occurring loss of synapses through age. Adopting a ‘brain friendly’ lifestyle when younger
should make it possible to retain cognitive performance into old age. Such a lifestyle is thought
to include reading books, being socially active and physically healthy.
Which one of the following can reliably be concluded from the information in the above
At the beginning of last year, Sam had $1000 in her bank account.
The following graph shows the changes, in hundreds of dollars, in the balance of money in her
account over that year.
At the end of how many months last year did Sam have more than $1300 in her account?נכוןלא נכון
Research has shown that parents with high incomes tend to have children who score highly in
IQ tests. It is very unlikely that this is because having rich parents improves one’s IQ. Much
more likely is that being intelligent tends to result in having a high income, since a high level of
intelligence is required for entering well-paid professions such as medicine and law. The
research did not examine whether the relationship between parental income and children’s IQ
scores was dependent on the nature of the parents’ profession. If it were found that the
children of high earners in sport and entertainment did not generally have high IQ scores, we
could conclude that the intelligence level of children is largely genetically inherited from their
Which one of the following is an assumption underlying the above argument?נכוןלא נכון
Time is represented in an unusual way in Bolandia. The format is mm:hh, where mm
represents the number of minutes to the next hour (hh). For example, 17:03 represents 17
minutes before 3am. However, there are still 60 minutes in an hour and 24 hours in a day.
Helen is staying in a hotel in Bolandia, and the clocks in the hotel display time in this way.
When she goes to bed one evening, the clock in her room reads 21:23. She wakes up a while
later and sees that the clock says 23:04.
For how long has Helen been asleep?נכוןלא נכון
Citizens of Beematia pay tax on their incomes each calendar year, as follows:
In 2014, Paul paid a total of $5600 tax on his year’s income. In 2015, however, he paid $800
less than in 2014, despite earning $2000 more.
What was Paul’s total income in 2015?נכוןלא נכון
Wide-ranging increases in the cost of bringing a civil court case recently announced by the UK
government are an assault on citizens’ access to the law. It is tantamount to treating justice like
a commodity. The latest proposals will increase fees by more than 1000% for claims of
£200 000 or more. They will deter individuals and small businesses from taking cases to court,
for fear of the cost if they lose, crippling anyone trying to recover monies owed to them. All civil
cases, from divorce to landlords trying to get their property back, are affected. If justice is not to
be out of reach of the majority of ordinary people, the government must think again. The civil
courts are the backbone of a fair society and a prosperous economy.
Which one of the following best expresses the main conclusion of the above argument?נכוןלא נכון
The students in a physics class took a practical test and a written test. Their results are shown
in the following table.
Their teacher has drawn a scatter graph, shown below, but one student’s marks are missing.
Which student’s marks are missing from the scatter graph?נכוןלא נכון
When we listen to music, electrical waves in our brains tend to synchronise to the tempo. In a
recent study scientists recorded the brain waves of musicians and non-musicians as they
listened to music. Although the brain waves of both groups synchronised to many rhythms,
those of non-musicians did not synchronise to particularly slow music. The non-musicians
reported that they could not keep track of the tempo in slow music. This shows that becoming a
musician requires an innate tendency for the brain to synchronise to the tempo of any speed of
Which one of the following identifies a flaw in the above argument?נכוןלא נכון
Charges for Bed and Breakfast at the Donclair Hotel are as follows:
However, guests who stay for seven or more consecutive nights pay $40 per night for the
whole of their stay.
Additionally, the bill for the hotel will include any charges incurred for the use of the car park.
The charge for the car park is $5 per night or $25 for a seven-night permit.
John stayed at the hotel recently for five consecutive nights, keeping his car in the car park. He
has now booked eight consecutive nights next month, and again he will keep his car in the car
park. John never has any other charges added to his bill.
How much more than last time will John’s bill for his next stay at the Donclair Hotel be?נכוןלא נכון
Forest fires in Indonesia this year have emitted 1.6 gigatonnes of CO2. To put that in
perspective, it has been estimated that the entire world must emit less than 1000 gigatonnes of
CO2 every year from now on if we are to avoid dangerous global warming. When forest
vegetation burns, the amount of CO2 released into the atmosphere can be taken back up again
by the plants as they regrow. But in Indonesia it is not only the plants that are burning. Peat
that has accumulated over thousands of years is also on fire, releasing buried carbon. Forest
fires in Indonesia burn most fiercely in years when the region is drier, as it is this year. Rain
arrived in Indonesia recently, and the number of new fires has dropped.
Which one of the following is a conclusion that can be drawn from the above passage?נכוןלא נכון
A school has 120 pupils, in five year groups. The following table gives some details about the
numbers of boys and girls in each year group:
There is a probability of 1 in 12 that a boy selected at random is in Year 4.
What is the probability that a Year 4 pupil selected at random is a boy?נכוןלא נכון